The manual marking involved in Pygmalion does not seem to take into account Industry Email List the transferable natural phenomena of computational linguistics. For example, Zips law, a law of frequency power distribution, dictates that, in any given language, the frequency of distribution of a word is proportional to one over its rank, and this is true even for languages not yet translated. One-way Industry Email List nature of 'context windows' in RNNs (Recurrent Neural Networks) Training models such as Skip-gram and Continuous Bag of Words are unidirectional in the sense that the pop-up containing the target word and the surrounding pop-up words on the left and right only go in one direction.
The words after the target word are not yet seen, so the entire context of the sentence is incomplete down to the very last word, which Industry Email List carries the risk of missing some contextual patterns. A good example is provided from the challenge of one-way moving pop-ups by Jacob Uszkoreit on the Google AI blog when talking about the Transformer architecture. Deciding on the most likely meaning and appropriate representation of the word “bank” in the sentence: “I came to the bank after crossing the…” requires knowing whether the sentence ends in “…road”. or “…river”. Missing text cohesion
One-way training approaches prevent the presence of text cohesion. Industry Email List As Ludwig Wittgenstein, a philosopher said in 1953: "The meaning of a word is its use in language." (Wittgenstein, 1953) Often the tiny words and the way the words are held together are the "glue" that brings common sense to the language. This "glue" is collectively referred to as "text cohesion". It Industry Email List is the combination of entities and the different parts of speech around them phrased together in a particular order that gives a sentence structure and meaning. The order in which a word occurs in a phrase or phrase also adds to this context.